History of Normandy
BC : Celtic populations
280: administrative reform of Diocletien which created a territory verging on the current Normandy.
709: Western Kingdom inherited by Clothaire, Clovis’ son.
820: Channel coast invaded by Vikings.
911: Treaty of St Clair-sur-Epte; Rollon becomes the first Duke of Normandy.
The Independent Dukedom
From the tenth to the twelfth century, Normandy became a Dukedom hardly independent of France Kingdom.
933: Under William Longsword, the Dukedom takes on its final form with the unification of the Avranchin and the Cotentin.
1027: Birth of William, the future conqueror of England, at Falaise.
1066: Invasion of England by William who becomes King of England.
1087: Death of William the Conqueror in Rouen.
1087-1135: William’s heirs in dispute.
1135: Ducal authority restored by Henry Beauclerc who becomes King of England as Henry I (1100-1135) after his brother William Rufus
1204: Normandy united to the French crown.
The French Dukedom
1315: granting of the Norman Charter, symbol of provincial status, which remained in being until the French Revolution.
1417-1450: Normandy invaded by Henry V of England.
1450: Normandy recovered by the French crown at the victory at Formigny and the recapture of Cherbourg.
1469: Charles of France, last Duke of Normandy, is dispossessed of his Dukedom.
The Province of Normandy
1514: The Rouen Exchequer becomes the Parliament of Normandy so Normandy becomes a province where the royal power is more and more felt.
1639-1640: Revolt of the Barefoot Peasants provoked by the introduction of the salt tax.
1789: The Caen Revolt.
1795-1800: Insurrection of the Norman royalists, the Chouans.
June 1940: Bresle Front breached.
1942: Dieppe commando raid by Canadian and British troops.
6 June 1944: Allied landing on the Calvados coast. Battle of Normandy.